5 diseases caused by high blood pressure

High blood pressure (popularly known as hypertension) is a condition characterized by sustained blood pressure levels above 140×90 mmHg, the famous “14 by 9”.

This condition impairs blood circulation and causes the heart and our organs to not receive enough blood and oxygen, factors that can have serious consequences.

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the cardiologist Dr. Roberto Yano say what disease it is.

1. Heart attack

Acute myocardial infarction is a medical emergency that usually occurs when a clot blocks blood flow to the heart. Without blood, the tissues lose oxygen and die. Cardiologist Dr. Roberto Yano explains the impact of high blood pressure on heart function:

“High blood pressure is the main risk factor for heart attack. This excessive pressure on the heart wall makes it difficult for it to fully function and it can be difficult to contract and relax the heart muscle. Additionally, when hypertension is not treated properly, over the years the coronary arteries become weakened and damaged, resulting in the accumulation of fat in the subendothelium, which can lead to the dreaded acute myocardial infarction” , warns Dr. Roberto Yano.

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2. CVA (or cerebrovascular accident)

A stroke, commonly known as a stroke, is a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. “In the same way that high blood pressure damages the arteries in the heart, it can also affect the arteries in the brain, causing a stroke,” says Dr.; Yano.

“There is also a specific arrhythmia, which is atrial fibrillation, which can occur due to high blood pressure. This potentially serious arrhythmia can generate clots inside the heart, and these clots break off and block certain arteries in the brain. , leading to even more severe strokes,” says Dr. Roberto Yano.

When it does not kill, stroke can cause sequelae that can be mild and transient or severe and disabling. The most common are paralysis of certain parts of the body, with loss of motor strength, visual disturbances, speech difficulties and lack of memory.

3. Heart failure

Heart failure is a condition where the heart no longer pumps enough blood to feed our body: “High blood pressure makes our heart’s natural beats difficult, causing the heart to work harder than it should. Over time, this causes an increase in the size of the organ and a deficit in its functioning. As a result, the heart becomes weak, that is, with heart failure. Dr. Roberto Yano.

4. Kidney failure

For the kidneys to function normally, the blood pressure must be normal: “hypertension overloads and weakens the kidneys, as well as weak kidneys, the blood pressure is out of control. This creates a vicious cycle which, if left untreated, can lead to kidney loss and the need for dialysis,” warns Dr. Roberto Yano.

5. Cardiac arrhythmia

Cardiac arrhythmia is a condition where there is a change in the rhythm of heartbeats. Serious cases of heart arrhythmia can occur due to high blood pressure. In addition to atrial fibrillation mentioned above, high blood pressure can cause even more serious arrhythmias, especially in people who have progressed to heart failure.

About Roberto Yano

Dr. Roberto Yano is a cardiologist and specialist in artificial heart stimulation by the Brazilian Society of Cardiovascular Surgery and the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB).

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Today, his social networks have an expressive number of subscribers, #amigosdocoracao. There are over a million well-engaged followers on Facebook, Youtube, and Instagram.

Its purpose is to disseminate valuable information to its followers, always aiming for the precepts of the code of medical ethics.

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