Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which can be caused by viruses and bacteria, impact the well-being and quality of life of countless people. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every day about one million new cases are reported worldwide.
At the time of Carnival, the spread of these diseases increases considerably. Faced with this scenario, the State Hospital of Luziânia (HEL) organized a conference to alert the professionals of the unit to the importance of prevention. Based on the theme, the “prevention buffer” action reinforced the importance of self-care and responsibility towards others. The initiative was led by the employees themselves under the command of general practitioner Willie da Silva.
The most common infections after the festivities are gonorrhea and syphilis. HIV also has a high number of HIV-positive people, even with PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) and PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis). The former works as a kind of contraceptive and must be taken daily to prevent HIV infection. The second works similarly to the morning after pill, intended for people who may have come into contact with the virus.
For Willie, the incidence of new cases is more frequent in young people. “We have noticed a high frequency of new infections mainly among young people. Even with the advent of PrEP, PEP and condoms, the number is growing. I have to remember that the drugs are only effective for HIV and not for other infections. The ideal is the use of condoms for prevention in combination with medication,” he explains.
The conference also explained the importance of preventing infectious diseases in the workplace. A series of precautions ensures the safety of both healthcare professionals and patients. Hand washing, use of proper PPE, sterilization of equipment, use of disposable equipment and contact precaution are some of the ways to ensure safety on the jobsite.
For the general director of the Estadual de Luziânia Hospital, Francisco Amud, the prevention of infections both inside and outside the working environment is important. “As a healthcare facility, we cannot risk contamination for everyone’s safety. Just as we must take care of ourselves, we must prevent ourselves from using the means that science provides us with,” he concludes.