Bill 945/2021 was approved, in the first vote, which calls for the extension of human papillomavirus-HPV vaccination coverage in Mato Grosso. The new measure, which was proposed by Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, Deputy Max Russi (PSB), establishes the creation of a statewide national prevention policy.
According to the State Department of Health (SES), there is no data on how many people have been infected with TM in recent years because HPV is not a reportable disease. According to Epidemiological Surveillance, the Ministry of Health is still studying to introduce compulsory reporting of cases by municipalities.
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world and is associated with the development of almost all cervical cancers, as well as several other tumors in both men and women. The PL rationales attest that HPV vaccination is one of the most effective interventions to prevent infection with these viruses and the development of related tumors.
Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy in the female population worldwide and can be prevented with the HPV vaccine. In Brazil, it is the fourth most common type of cancer in women, surpassed only by non-melanoma skin, breast and colorectal cancer, and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women. There are an estimated 16,000 new cases and an average of 5,000 deaths per year.
Last year, the Legislative Assembly made mammograms and pap smears available to all Legislative staff during the month of October. According to Assembly Quality of Life Monitoring (Qualivida), 22 women underwent the procedure.
The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly believes that with the sanction of new media, many young people and adults who have contracted the HPV virus and have not previously had the opportunity to be vaccinated because they do not meet the criteria for the National Vaccination Program (PNI) can be met.
“It will be a very important step, because there are a large number of people who have contracted the disease and who have not had the chance to be vaccinated. Vaccination avoids even bigger problems,” he added.
Immunization – The Ministry of Health indicated, in 2017, HPV vaccination for immunocompromised women and men up to 26 years of age. In 2021, it extended this protection to women up to the age of 45. This vaccination, following the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO), will be carried out with the application of three doses two months apart, between the first and second, and the third dose six months after the first. application.
In these cases, the medical prescription for the HPV vaccine will be necessary for the request. The expansion of vaccination has not included the male population, since, so far, the indication of the HPV vaccine package insert in Brazil limits the age in men to 26 years, while in women, this indication is up to 45 years.
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