- Monday 07 March 2022 14:10
as part of colorectal cancer awarenessthe third most common type in Brazil, March It is known for its navy blue color. The National Cancer Institute (INCA) estimates the emergence of 41,000 new cases per year in the country, while in Ceará, for every 100,000 inhabitants, on average, 19.8 men and 18.8 women will be affected by this disease. In this context, the Walter Cantídio University Hospital (HUWC), of the UFC/EBSERH Hospital Complex, is launching a public awareness campaign on prevention and early diagnosis of the disease.
Colorectal cancer starts in the large intestine, also called the colon, and in the rectum, the last region of the digestive tract before the anus. Clinical oncologist Duílio Rocha, head of the oncology unit at HUWC, explains that risk factors physical inactivity, overweight, a diet low in fiber and high in processed and red meats, exposure to radiation, smoking and alcoholism. Preventive measures consist mainly in avoiding these factors, maintaining healthy lifestyle habits.
The appearance of tumors in this region is more common in people over 50 years of age. There are also cases related to heredity, identified when there is a family history.
Manoel Rodrigues, 62, was diagnosed with colorectal cancer in August 2021, after noticing blood in his stool. As part of the treatment, he underwent surgery in November of that year to remove the tumors that were blocking his intestines. Currently, he continues to undergo chemotherapy sessions, ending the cycle this month. The HUWC patient reinforces the importance of seeking advice and treatment early. “I know it’s hard to be diagnosed with cancer, but we have to fight. Trust the doctors, don’t be ashamed and ask for help. I am a witness that it is possible to win,” he said.
To be a patient at the UFC Hospital Complex, it is necessary to perform care at the local Basic Health Unit (UBS) and, in this consultation, to be referred to the Maternity of Assis Chateaubriand or to the Hospital University Walter Cantídio, through the State Center for Regulation and the city of Fortaleza.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT – As in the case of Manoel, the appearance of blood in the stool is one of the main symptoms, as alerts Sthela Murad-Regadas, coordinator of the coloproctology service at HUWC. The healthcare professional points out that other warning signs are changes in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation), presence of abdominal pain or mass, or pain during defecation, change in stool (color , thickness), weight loss and anemia.
For a preliminary and preventive investigation, a stool occult blood test may be suggested. When this presence is detected, the main, more specific examination is colonoscopy, which makes it possible to evaluate the entire length of the large intestine in search of lesions which, if necessary, will be analyzed in biopsy. A rectosigmoidoscopy may also be performed, an examination to detect changes in the last part of the intestine. The medical follow-up will determine the stages of the diagnosis and the actions to be carried out.
According to oncologist Duílio Rocha, it is a type of cancer with a high chance of recovery, especially if identified at an early stage. Surgery is the main way to remove the tumor, but there is also the possibility of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, in addition to medications helping in the treatment. “With these measures, we managed to heal in a very safe way,” he underlines.
Source: Social communication unit of the UFC / EBSERH hospital complex – telephones: (85) 3366 8577 and 3366 8183