Since March 8, the Norte Paranaense Hospital (Honpar), in Arapongas, begins the first cataract surgeries in its ophthalmology center equipped with state-of-the-art equipment, directed by doctors Marcelo Villar and Ricardo Ducci. The start of the procedures brings a new perspective to patients from more than 150 municipalities served by the establishment, in particular those from the 16th Health Region. According to the Brazilian Society of Ophthalmology, there are 550,000 new cases of cataracts per year in Brazil.
According to the ophthalmologist of the Hospital of Olhos do Paraná, Dr. Marcelo Vilar, 65% of patients over 65 show signs of cataracts. Because it is a progressive disease, only lens replacement surgery, called facectomy, generates effective and permanent results for vision recovery. Today, modern cataract surgery is much more advanced, performed with laser technology and with a much smoother recovery than in the past.
A recent study published in the scientific journal JAMA Internal Medicine found that the procedure reduces the risk of dementia in older adults by 30%. The research, titled The Adult Changes in Thought (ACT), involved around 3,000 adults over the age of 65. In addition to the lower risk of developing dementia – a characteristic that lasted a decade after the operation – the study also showed greater protection of this public against Alzheimer’s disease.
“This study has provided encouraging results. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease, for example, experienced significant improvements in their cognition, quality of life, and dependency on their caregivers. In the intervention of the cataract, we succeeded in giving back to the person the possibility of seeing, interacting and receiving the light rays,” he explains.
Vilar also warns that at any sign of fogging, difficulty driving at night due to glare from headlights, vision with light beams and feeling of improved vision when approaching objects, with little aggravation of time after, it is necessary to seek help from an ophthalmologist. . Data from the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology (CBO) indicates that 50 million Brazilians suffer from some type of visual disorder and that more than 1.2 million will lose their sight. Studies show, on the other hand, that about 60% of these diseases are treatable. Cataract is an example.