Respiratory syndrome in children has a ‘significant increase’

Sao Paulo – A Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) warns of a “significant increase” in cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in children. The data comes from InfoGripe Newsletter, published this Thursday (17), for the period between February 6 and March 12. For the rest of the population, the scenario is for a drop in SARS cases, according to the researchers.

“In the national aggregate, a downward scenario is observed in all age groups of the population, with the exception of children aged 0-4 to 5-11 years, who maintain a sign of marked growth since the beginning February 2021, school year resumption period,” the document reads.

According to the researchers, preliminary laboratory data suggest a possible increase in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated cases in the age group up to 4 years. And they also point to the halt in the fall of cases associated with SARS-CoV-2 (covid-19) in the range of 5 to 11 years.

The bulletin also shows signs of a decline in the national curve of respiratory syndrome cases over the past six weeks. However, in the short term (last three weeks), it gives indications of a possible beginning of stabilization. They compare this scenario to the level recorded at the end of October last year. It was then that Brazil recorded the lowest number of covid-19 cases, after the end of the wave caused by the delta variant, before the appearance of the omicron.

On the other hand, the Covid-19 is responsible for 97.3% of SARS cases that test positive for certain viruses. In this sense, it also continues to represent the vast majority (86.7%) of the cases tested. At a lower level, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was diagnosed in 6.5% of cases, followed by influenza viruses (Infuenza A and B), with 1%.

Regional distribution

Only the Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo and Roraima showed a trend of increasing SARS cases in the long term. However, Ceará, Maranhão, Sergipe and Tocantins have shown signs of growth over the past three weeks. In all these localities, the data by age group suggest that this is a scenario limited to the child population.

Similarly, among the capitals, there were record long-term increases in Boa Vista and Fortaleza. Additionally, João Pessoa, Porto Velho and Salvador have also seen an increase in SARS cases in recent weeks. With the exception of the capital of Rondônia, the increase in cases has been mainly among children.

Covid report in Brazil

Today, Brazil recorded 485 deaths from covid-19, according to the National Council of Health Secretaries (bitch). This is the highest number recorded in a week. Despite everything, the weekly moving average of deaths continues to fall, and was at 334/day, the lowest index since January 25.

In the past 24 hours, health authorities have recorded 49,601 cases of the disease. The moving average of cases also fell again, to 39,677/day. Thus, it is the first time since January 10 that the weekly moving average of cases has been below 40 thousand.

In total, there are already 656,425 officially recorded deaths from covid-19 and more than 29.5 million cases of the disease.

Covid-19 numbers in Brazil. Source: bitch

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