September is a month of new beginnings. Young candidates for higher education will know this Saturday if they have been placed in the sector of their choice, others are now starting to enter the job market, after the summer holidays and the return of companies to their normal activity.
The results of the first phase of the national competition for access to higher education will be known this Sunday. Then comes the 2nd phase, which takes place between September 12 and 23, with a 3rd phase, between October 7 and 11. More than 61,000 students applied this year for a total of 55,362 vacancies.
According to the Directorate General for Higher Education (DGES), job offers in study cycles aimed at training in digital skills increased by 3.6% compared to the initial offers of the previous year.
Unsurprisingly, courses related to technological fields continue to be those that most guarantee employability, but also engineering and studies related to energy and energy sustainability, “the part of society that suffers the greater transformation and which, in the next five to ten years, will require many more professionals”, he underlines in statements TSP Pedro Lacerda, CEO of human resources consulting firm Kelly Portugal.
According to the report “Global Employment Trends for Youth”, published in August by the International Labor Organization (ILO), young people are best placed to benefit from the green and blue economies. According to this report, approximately eight and a half million jobs could be created by 2030 through the implementation of sustainable policy measures.
More and more environmental engineers are looking for wind, solar and electric power, says the human resources consultant, as well as careers related to cybersecurity, the internet or programming.
The pandemic has also increased the demand in airlines related to e-commerce and information technology due to the “replacement of human resources by technologies in many fields of activity, such as banking or sectors of the sector. retail, where many businesses have changed their physical branches”. e-commerce“.
On the other hand, “the more ‘traditional’ professions are also beginning to have a very high level of shortage, either because universities cannot produce enough professionals to meet market demand, or because there is a very large exodus out of Portugal”, as is the case. with nurses and radiologists.
According to the latest “Future of Jobs” report by the World Economic Forum in partnership with the International Monetary Fund, published in 2020, jobs in the field of technology, such as analysts and data scientists and experts in artificial intelligence and machine learning, and occupations related to strategy and digital marketing, such as social media management, sales and content production, will be the most sought after globally in the future. On the contrary, it will reduce the demand for jobs related to administration, assembly, repair and customer service.
According to the World Economic Forum, technology will mean the loss of 85 million jobs between 2020 and 2025, but also the creation of 97 million new jobs.
Having a graduation course is not the only job guarantee. Recruiters look for “adaptability and resilience” in a candidate for a first job, explains Pedro Lacerda, faced with “a completely globalized and constantly changing labor market”.
Another highly sought-after characteristic is the ability to anticipate. “We have never heard of so many cyberattacks as we are hearing now. This is causing a series of changes in the labor market. Being able to anticipate possible cyberattacks is, at the moment, one of the priorities of our businesses,” he explains.
After two years of the pandemic, the International Labor Organization estimates that 2022 will still not be the year of global recovery in youth employment. Estimates point to 73 million young people unemployed worldwide this year, a figure even higher than that recorded in 2019.
Portugal is an exception: the youth unemployment rate is already lower than before the pandemic. “The labor market in Portugal, in this dimension, has already recovered faster than the international trend”, underlined the coordinator of the ISCTE Youth Employment Observatory, Paulo Marques, in statements to the TSP following the publication of the report “Global Employment Trends for Youth”.
In recruitment, there is already some recovery, but “in a slow way and a lot in competition with the outside: those who live in Portugal are also looking for a large part of the jobs outside Portugal”, whether teleworking or not. .
Telework “is a market trend that is here to stay,” said Pedro Lacerda. More and more companies are offering jobs in telecommuting or with hybrid models, emphasizing work on objectives rather than rigid schedules, on “quality of delivery and punctuality, which means more greater autonomy and greater responsibility”.
“The stigma of those who are not physically at work or who are thugs or second- or third-rate professionals has been broken,” he reinforces.
According to the World Economic Forum, 84% of employers worldwide admit to working remotely, and up to 44% of their employees can telecommute. However, 78% expect negative impacts on productivity.
On the other hand, it has also changed what candidates are looking for in companies. “The notion of career is a much more diluted notion than 20 years ago, it no longer has the importance it had,” explains Pedro Lacerda. And “the notion of salary has an emotional salary component which is fundamental”: the “relationship between the candidate and the manager” and “the relationship with the type of work to be done” are important.
Young people seek to identify with “the corporate culture”. They want to know “what is the dress code of the company, what are the working hours of the company, what type of activities after hours [fora do horário de trabalho] the company does, what kind of people – in terms of diversity – does the company have”, but also “what does the company experience on a day-to-day basis, what values does it have, what is the reason for the existence of the company The company is directly linked to me, to who I am as a person, to my way of being and thinking (…) Anyone looking for a job search. She seeks, at the limit, well-being and happiness.
“The monetary part is obviously important”, but the time is over when “only those who were doctors would have the financial capacity to have a stable life or only those who were computer engineers would have their future assured”.